The exhibition created a detailed and complete picture of ancient Roman culture during the Imperial age, providing Chinese audiences with a deeper understanding and appreciation of the period. The focus was the Roman culture of the Emperors and, in particular, on those centuries when Rome was at the apex of its powers, between the 1st century BCE to the middle of the 3rd century CE.
Some 300 objects belonging to several prestigious Italian institutions were assembled in a suggestive exhibition design and distributed in six thematic sections. Through the display of rare coins, exquisite jewelry, pottery and glassware, bronze statuettes and marble statues, portrait busts, funerary urns and sarcophagus reliefs, not only was the outstanding artistic production of this civilization explored, but also a general overview of the ancient Roman world was created. Great attention was paid to the arrangement of the artifacts, ordered in a clear and logical framework, which provided new meanings to many objects that were never exhibited for many years and that, to the contrary, merited greater attention and admiration.
The success of the exhibition resulted in the engagement of 2.5 million visitors.